The United States yesterday opened Bosnian peace talks in Ohio with a firm commitment that the war crimes charges against Bosnian Serb leaders Radovan Karadzic and General Radko Mladic will not be quashed under any circumstances as part of a possible agreement. The conference began on 1 November 1995. Bosnian President Alija Izetbegović, Serbian President Milošević, Croatian President Franjo Tudjman and representatives of the United States, the United Kingdom, France, Germany, Italy, Russia and the European Union (EU) met at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, a suburb of Dayton, Ohio, a location chosen to reduce the capacity of participants, on the media and not on the negotiating table. In October 1997, the Croatian Right Party of 1861 and the right-wing Party Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1861 asked the Constitutional Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina to annul several decisions and to confirm a decision of the Supreme Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina and, more importantly, to verify the constitutionality of the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina, as it was affirmed: that the agreement is contrary to the constitution of Bosnia and Herzegovina. in a manner that undermines the integrity of the State and could lead to the dissolution of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The Court concluded that it did not have jurisdiction to rule on the dispute with regard to the abovementioned decisions, since the applicants were not subjects referred to in Article VI(3)(a) of the Constitution concerning persons who may bring disputes before the Court of Justice. The court also rejected the other request: speeches from a podium in front of 23 flags in French alphabetical order were strictly limited to six minutes each. Alija Izetbegovic, the Bosnian president, said: « My government signs this agreement without enthusiasm, like someone who takes a bitter but useful potion. » In late August 1995, following an attack by Bosnian Serbs in Sarajevo, NATO carried out airstrikes against Serbian positions. On September 1, Holbrooke announced that all parties would meet in Geneva. When the Bosnian Serbs did not meet all nato conditions, NATO airstrikes resumed. . .